ASHIKAGA, Takauji (1305-58)

The first shogun of the Muromachi military government (Muromachi Bakufu) from 1338 to 1358. Son of Ashikaga Sadauji and Uesugi Kyoko. During emperor Godaigo's Kenmu Restoration (1333-36), Ashikaga Takauji was sent by the Kamakura bakufu to fight Godaigo's armies. After defeating Nitta Yoshisada and Kusonoki Masashige, Takauji held the upper hand and in Godaigo's Kenmu Restoration ended with the division of the Northern and Southern courts (Nanbokucho period, 1336-92). Takauji then turned back to Kamakura and toppled the Kamakura bakufu. He established the Ashikaga bakufu that lasted until the latter part of the sixteenth century.